Immune and Lymphatic
Neisseria gonorrhoeae, also known as gonococcus, or gonococci is a Gram-negative, intracellular, aerobic diplococci bacteria. It mainly affects the hosts columnar or cuboidal epithelium. Gonorrhea caused by neisseria gonorrhoeae is the most common sexually transmitted infectious disease. Gonorrhea is most frequently spread during sexual contact; however, it can also be transmitted from the mother's genital tract to the newborn during birth to cause ophthalmia neonatorum and systemic neonatal infection. The incubation period is usually 2-8 days. In women, the cervix is the most common site of infection, resulting in endocervicitis and urethritis, which can be complicated by pelvic inflammatory disease. The major complication of gonococcal infections in women is tubal scarring and infertility. In men, infection causes anterior urethritis.